In 2005, she had first come across the structure that she knew was no ordinary ancient wall. "We tried to dig a small trench next to it, but we found that the wall was too wide to be an ordinary house wall," Walberg explains. "As we continued our work year after year, we found that we were dealing with military, rather than civil, architecture."
It was a fortress, and one that had a spectacular and strategic view of the mountains, a river below and the Mediterranean. "It is likely that the fortress is the early core from which the later Bronze Age city expanded," she says. "No such predecessors have been found elsewhere at any of the other Late Bronze Age cities in Cyprus."
On the 2011 summer trip, researchers unearthed a carefully laid thick layer of smooth pebbles -- collected from the river -- to serve as the foundation for the fortification wall. The previous summer, Walberg and her team uncovered a broken, circular lookout tower and a staircase that appears to have crumbled in a violent catastrophe.
In 2005, they discovered a water cistern and a Roman well that still held clean water. Cyprus is known to have some of the world's oldest water wells, and the team found another one that held Cypriot pottery, ivory, bronze objects and vases.